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Facts About the CERN Collider You Need to Know

CERN: Large Hadron Collider’s Relaunch Delayed Indefinitely

‘God particle’ teaches that Universe should have ceased to exist

A view of equipment in the LHC (Large Hadron Collider) tunnel during a visit at the Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) in Meyrin, near Geneva (Reuters / Denis Balibouse)

A view of equipment in the LHC (Large Hadron Collider) tunnel during a visit at the Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) in Meyrin, near Geneva (Reuters / Denis Balibouse)

A refitted Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is being readied to delve deeper into the secrets of the Universe’s structure, a new British scientists’ model considering Higgs boson data claims the Universe should have collapsed immediately after the Big Bang.

Confirmation of the Higgs boson’s existence in July 2012 did not actually add clarity to the general picture of our Universe after all. The information acquired raised new, even more complex, questions.

Physicists at King’s College in London claim they have recreated the conditions following the Big Bang, but this time using the new information acquired with the help of the LHC. British scientists maintain now that the new data related to the so-called ‘God particle’ suggests the universe should have expanded excessively fast after the Big Bang and collapsed billions of years ago.

“During the early universe, we expected cosmic inflation — this is a rapid expansion of the universe right after the Big Bang,” co-author of the King’s College study Robert Hogan, a Ph.D. student in physics, told Live Science. “This expansion causes lots of stuff to shake around, and if we shake it too much, we could go into this new energy space, which could cause the universe to collapse.”

Such a conclusion could mean only one thing: if the universe we see around us is real while it shouldn’t be, then we don’t know something critically important about our 13.8-billion-year home and must move forward to learn it better.

A technician stands near equipment of the Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) experience at the Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) in the French village of Cessy near Geneva in Switzerland (Reuters / Denis Balibouse)

A technician stands near equipment of the Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) experience at the Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) in the French village of Cessy near Geneva in Switzerland (Reuters / Denis Balibouse)

“We have to extend our theories to explain why this didn’t happen,” Hogan said.

The scientist shared with Live Science the super-symmetry theory, which says that presently-known particles might have super-partner particles. So the Higgs boson could coexist with four other sibling particles that have similar masses, but different electrical charges.

This could serve as a partial explanation to universe’s stability. And just like the Higgs boson, they could be discovered one day, but that would imply the construction of particle accelerators even more powerful than the LHC.

So far the stability of the universe is also under scrutiny by another scientific experiment, a Background Imaging of Cosmic Extragalactic Polarization (BICEP-2) telescope in the Antarctic, has reportedly managed to register the echo of the cosmic inflation as background microwave radiation permeating our Universe.

Higgs boson opened new horizons

The experiments held in 2012 managed to register the elusive ‘God particle’, without which matter as such would fail to exist because the particles would not ‘hold together’.

For that discovery, the author of the now-proven theory, British scientist Peter Higgs, won the Nobel Prize in Physics – along with François Englert and Robert Brout, because back in 1964 they independently proposed a theory about the existence of a yet-undiscovered particle that gives mass to other particles.

British scientist Peter Higgs poses in front of a photographic image of the Atlas detector at the Science Museum in London (Reuters / Toby Melville)

British scientist Peter Higgs poses in front of a photographic image of the Atlas detector at the Science Museum in London (Reuters / Toby Melville)

With the Higgs boson existence proven, it became the final ‘brick’ required to verify the Standard Model of particle physics.

“In nature, there are two types of particles: fermions and bosons,” a research associate at Fermilab, Ketino Kaadze, shared in a news release. “Fermions, quarks and leptons make up all the matter around us. Bosons are responsible for mediating interaction between the elementary particles.”

“We think that the Higgs boson is responsible for the generation of mass of fundamental particles,” Kaadze said, explaining that the electrons acquire their mass by interacting with the ‘God particle’, “the centerpiece that ties it all together.”

The $10 billion LHC will be fully ready in early 2015, when it will push two proton beams at a speed nearly that of light in order to collide them, creating conditions similar to those a mere split second after the Big Bang.

“The machine is coming out of a long sleep after undergoing an important surgical operation,” Frederick Bordry, director for accelerators and technology at the European Organization for Nuclear Research, told AP.

Yet creating Higgs bosons at the European Organization for Nuclear Research required the experts to amplify the center-of-mass energy in the LHC.

This time the largest ‘atom smasher’ in the world will get twice as much energy, which would make the proton beam inside a 27km-long underground construction circle it 11,000 times in a matter of a second.

“It’s effectively a new machine, poised to set us on the path to new discoveries,” CERN Director General Rolf Heuer said.

CERN staff walk in the LHC (Large Hadron Collider) tunnel during a visit at the Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) in Meyrin, near Geneva (Reuters / Denis Balibouse)

CERN staff walk in the LHC (Large Hadron Collider) tunnel during a visit at the Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) in Meyrin, near Geneva (Reuters / Denis Balibouse)

According to Fabiola Gianotti, a particle physicist and former spokesperson for the ATLAS (A Toroidal LHC Apparatus) Experiment, which found the Higgs boson, finding the Higgs was only a “starting point,” National Geographic reported.

Having found Higgs boson, the LHC team will now try to prepare it better for staging next set of experiments, focusing on the search for ‘dark matter’, antimatter and previously-unknown dimensions of space and time.

The Higgs boson is not as well-known as the other elementary particles, Gianotti said.

So far modern physics have discovered 16 elementary particles, with the Higgs boson becoming number 17 – and it is “completely different than all of the others,” Gianotti, who now works with CERN, said.

“With a new friend, you want to know him or her better,” she concluded.

CERN Director General Rolf Heuer said that without the Higgs boson “you cannot exist.”

On Monday, CERN issued a new study showing that the Higgs boson decays into fermions, the particles that make up the matter itself, which makes the discovery of Higgs “a door to new physics,” Gianotti said.

“We know that the Standard Model of physics that we have now does not explain some puzzles in nature,” Ketino Kaadze said. “We know there has to be other models that can explain phenomena like dark matter and dark energy, and why we can have different generations of the same particle that are identical except for their mass. Finding the Higgs particle wasn’t the end of the story. It was the starting point on a new horizon.”

RT

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Rupert Sheldrake~The Science Delusion

Published on 9 Jan 2013

British biologist Dr. Rupert Sheldrake, one of the world’s most innovative scientists, is the author of more than 80 scientific papers and ten books and is best known for his groundbreaking theory of morphic resonance. In this program we discuss Rupert’s latest book “The Science Delusion.” He begins with an overview of the ten dogmas of science. According to these dogmas, all of reality is material or physical, the world is an inanimate machine, nature is purposeless, free will is an illusion, notions of higher orders of consciousness and absolute “God” awareness exists only as ideas in human minds, which are themselves nothing but electrochemical processes imprisoned within our skulls. These powerful assumptions, have led science down the wrong path according to Rupert. He explains how originally the scientific field held a kind of Cartesian dualistic view of spirit and matter, which eventually was replaced solely by matter. The scientific view that matter is “dead” and has no soul or spirit is dangerous, argues Sheldrake. Later, we talk about the Large Hadron Collider, the most expensive scientific project in the history of mankind. Rupert explains that the results in the search for the “Higgs field” and the so called “God particle” might very well be influenced by the intention of the scientists performing the experiment, also known as the observer’s effect. Lastly, Sheldrake tells us about the biotech bubble and shares his opinion on what alternative fields of science he would like to see funded.

 

Relevant links
sheldrake.org
Panpsychism
Large Hadron Collider
Dark matter
Animism
Morphic Fields
Science Set Free
The Morphogenetic Universe

Books
The Science Delusion
Science Set Free: 10 Paths to New Discovery (US version)
Mind and Cosmos: Why the Materialist Neo-Darwinian Conception of Nature Is Almost Certainly False

Related programs
Richard Alan Miller – Hour 1 – The Non-Local Mind in Holographic Reality
Susan Joy Rennison – Hour 1 – Global Energy Leap
Carol de la Herran – Hour 1 – Robert Monroe & Altered States of Consciousness
Anthony Peake & Tom Campbell – Consciousness Creates Reality
Anthony Peake – Hour 1 – The Nature of Reality & Twilight Zones of Consciousness
Rick Strassman – DMT: The Spirit Molecule
William Glyn-Jones – Constellation Art, Star-Maps & Arcadian Dreamtime


Rupert Sheldrake – The Science Delusion
Published on 15 Jun 2012

In May of 2012, Dr Alan Roberts, in association with the Wilmslow Guild, located near Manchester, UK, invited Dr Sheldrake to speak about his recent book, ‘The Science Delusion’ – an enlivening and engaging work that really seems to gather the spirit of his approach to science into a nutshell.
His theories of the Morphic field, Morphic Resonance, and the Extended Mind, are tantalisingly congruent with Eugene Halliday’s concept of the Life-Field or ‘Biofield’, and its informing, shaping, and inertic aspects.

The Higgs Boson: Whose Discovery Is It?

By Adam Mann

Next week is Higgs week.

On July 4, scientists at Europe’s Large Hadron Collider will present their latest results on the search for the Higgs boson, with many physics bloggers eagerly speculating that they will officially announce the discovery of this long-sought particle. Not to be outdone, U.S. researchers at Fermilab will be presenting their final analysis from Tevatron data regarding evidence for the Higgs. And precious more bits of information could come out during the International Conference on High Energy Physics in Melbourne, Australia, which runs July 4 to 11.

“Until pretty recently, there didn’t seem to be any real prospect of discovering the Higgs,” said Nobel-prize-winning theoretical physicist Steven Weinberg from the University of Texas at Austin. “Now the time is finally ripe for finding it.”

While the history books will likely remember the final announcement of the Higgs discovery at the LHC most clearly, the road to discovering this strange particle has been a long one, paved by many.

The Higgs boson was first predicted during the 1960s and theories about its workings were refined in subsequent decades. It is the final particle in the so-called Standard Model – physicists’ working theory of all known particle and force interactions in the universe – and is needed to provide the other elementary particles with their mass.

 

The $9 billion LHC was sold to lawmakers and taxpayers in part as a Higgs-finding machine. Though no one yet knows if the accelerator will capture its quarry for sure, there were good hints of a Higgs boson in December and the strongest rumors yet suggest that these will be confirmed next week.

One thing is clear: The Fermilab results will not be announcing the discovery of the Higgs. Scientists at the Tevatron have been chasing the Higgs for years, always keeping hope alive that they would see it before the more powerful LHC swooped in, and they have been sifting through its data since the machine’s shutdown last year. But there is just not enough there to qualitatively confirm the Higgs’ existence, said Fermilab spokesman Kurt Riesselmann.

This is likely a disappointment for American physicists. Before its shutdown, there had been hope that the Tevatron was powerful enough to find the Higgs boson. Had the United States gone ahead with building the Superconducting Supercollider, discovery of the Higgs would have solidly been an American achievement — and would have happened a decade ago.

Yet the Tevatron and other particle accelerators have laid the groundwork for the LHC’s Higgs discovery – whenever that should happen. An even earlier experiment at CERN’s Large Electron-Positron Collider set bounds on where the Higgs could exist. Many data analysis techniques and detector strategies were learned during these searches.

“There were a number of key experimental discoveries that have gone into confirming the Standard Model,” said Weinberg. “It’s difficult to sort out how much any one lab contributes.”

Things get trickiest when trying to come up with credit for the Higgs discovery. The two Tevatron experiments – CDF and DZero – engaged roughly 1,150 scientists while the dual LHC experiments – ATLAS and CMS – together employ more than 6,000 scientists. Physicists’ top prize, the Nobel, can go to at most three recipients. It would be a logistical nightmare trying to assign the glory and the Nobel committee may simply decide to forgo giving a prize for the Higgs.

CERN ‘gags’ physicists in cosmic ray climate experiment

What do these results mean? Not allowed to tell you.

By Andrew Orlowski

The chief of the world’s leading physics lab at CERN in Geneva has prohibited scientists from drawing conclusions from a major experiment. The CLOUD (“Cosmics Leaving Outdoor Droplets”) experiment examines the role that energetic particles from deep space play in cloud formation. CLOUD uses CERN’s proton synchrotron to examine nucleation.

CERN Director General Rolf-Dieter Heuer told Welt Online that the scientists should refrain from drawing conclusions from the latest experiment.

“I have asked the colleagues to present the results clearly, but not to interpret them,” reports veteran science editor Nigel Calder on his blog. Why?

Because, Heuer says, “That would go immediately into the highly political arena of the climate change debate. One has to make clear that cosmic radiation is only one of many parameters.”


12m muons pass through your body every 24 hours

The unusual “gagging order” could have been issued because the results of CLOUD are really, really boring, muses Calder. Or, it could be that the experiment invites a politically unacceptable hypothesis on climate.

The CLOUD experiment builds on earlier experiments by Danish physicist Henrik Svensmark, who demonstrated that cosmic rays provide a seed for clouds. Tiny changes in the earth’s cloud cover could account for variations in temperature of several degrees. The amount of Ultra Fine Condensation Nuclei (UFCN) material depends on the quantity of the background drizzle of rays, which varies depending on the strength of the sun’s magnetic field and the strength of the Earth’s magnetic field.

Close correlation between cosmic ray penetration and temperature

But how much? Speaking at a private event attended by El Reg earlier this year, Svensmark, who has nothing to do with CLOUD, wouldn’t be drawn. He said he thought it was one of four significant factors: man-made factors, volcanoes, a “regime shift” in the mid-’70s, and cosmic rays.

The quantity of cosmic rays therefore has an influence on climate, but this isn’t factored into the IPCC’s “consensus” science at all.

According to Calder:

“CERN has joined a long line of lesser institutions obliged to remain politically correct about the man-made global warming hypothesis. It’s OK to enter ‘the highly political arena of the climate change debate’ provided your results endorse man-made warming, but not if they support Svensmark’s heresy that the Sun alters the climate by influencing the cosmic ray influx and cloud formation.”

Let’s hope he’s been misquoted. The precedents aren’t happy.

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